Chemical Analyze of Beta-Carotene in Indonesia Local Fruit

Elfira Maya Sari, Afrinia Eka Sari


Indonesia has different types of plants and fruits. Fruits, vegetables, and tubers can contain beta-carotene and are antioxidants. Generally, local fruits have bright colors such as red, orange and yellow, such as mango, papaya, orange, persimmon, etc. The purpose of this study was to identify beta-carotene compounds found in fruit. The findings are designed to inform the public about the importance of beta-carotene in fruit. The samples measured in this study included pineapple, papaya, guava, Medan orange, star fruit, melon, mango, banana, and dragon. All samples are from traditional markets in Bekasi. The research method used was UV-Vis spectrophotometry. Beta-carotene measurements were performed at a wavelength of 450 nm. The highest content of beta-carotene was found in pineapple at 123.36 micrograms per milliliter, while the lowest was found in dragon fruit, at 2.253 micrograms per milliliter. Pineapple flesh contains sugar, vitamins, minerals, and retinol, and its pale yellow color indicates the presence of beta-carotene.


Fruit, beta-carotene, spectrophotometry

Full Text:



Aina O, Amoo S,Mughivsa L et al.2019. Effect of Organic and inorganic. Sources of nutrients on the bioactive coumpounds and antioxidant activity of tomato.Applied Ecology and Enviromental Research,17 (2). DOI: 10.15666/aeer/1702_36813694

Arumsari I,Mäkynen K,Adisakwattana S,et al.2020.Effects of Different Cooking Methods and Palm Oil Addition On The Bioaccesibility of Beta Carotene of Sweet Leaf (Sauropus androgynous). Journal of Nutritional ScienceandVitaminology.66.DOI:10.3177/jnsv.66.S202

Comert,Ezgi Dogan,Mogol,et al.2020.Relationship between colour and antioxidant capacity of fruits and vegetables.Current Research In Food Science,2. DOI: 10.1016/j.crfs.2019.11.001.

Dahlan D. 2019. Analysis of Beta Carotene Content Differences in Cempedak (Artocarpus champaden Lour) Jam using Traditional and Carbides Fruits Ripening Methods. Food Science and Technology Journal.2(2) .

Erwiyani A, Ayu S,Ningtyas W et al.2022. Formulation and Evaluation of Pumpkin Fruit (Cucurbita Maxima l) emugel.Jurnal ILmiah Farmasi.DOI: 10.20885/jif.specialissue2022.art9

Ghosh S,Chatterjee J,Chalkroborty B et al.2019. Estimation of beta carotene from fruit peel wastes by high performance thin layer chromatography. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 8(1).

Governa P, Manetti F, Miraldi E et al.2022.Effects of in vitro simulated digestion on the antioxidant activity of different Camelia sinensis(L) Kuntze leaves extracts.European Food Research and Technology.248(1).DOI: 10.1007/s00217-021-03864-1

Gumolung D.2017.Analisis Beta Karoten dari Ekstrak Jonjot Buah Labu Kuning ( Cucurbita Moschata). Fullerene Journal Of Chemistry (2). DOI: 10.3177/jnsv.66.S202

ImmaculateN,EuniceA,GraceK.2020.Nutritional phsyco-chemical composition of pumpkin pulp for value addition:Case of selected cultivars grown in Uganda,African Journal of Food Science.DOI: 10.5897/ajfs2020.1980

Irnawati I, Riyanto S,Martono S et al.2022. Physicochemical properties and antioxidant activities of pumpkin seed oil affected by different origins and extraction methods. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science.12(3).DOI: 10.3390/beverages8020018

Molla M M et all. 2008. Preparation And Packaging Of Jackfruit Chips. Int J Sustain Crop prod 3(6) 41-47.

Mukprasirt, Amornrat and Kamontip Sajjaanantakul. 2004. Phisico-chemical Properties Of flafour and Starch FroGm Jackfruit Seeds (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam) Compared Whith Modified Straches. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 39 271-276

Nguyen N, Duoung N,Nguyen K et al.2022.Effect of extraction solvent on total phenol,flavonoid content, and antioxidant activity of avicennia officinalis.Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry,12(2). DOI: 10.33263/BRIAC122.26782690.

Putri, U. M., Ningrum, R. S., & Lindasari, W. (2018). Beta Carotene Analysis in Queen and Cayenne Pineapple (Ananas Comosus (L.) Merr) Using Spectophotometry. Proceedings of the National science seminar, 1st of Technology and Analysis (pp. 212-218). Kediri: Bhakti Wiyata Institute of Health Sciences.

Safdarian M, Hashaemi P,Ghiasvad A.2021. A fast and simple method for determination of B carotene in commercial fruit juice by cloud point extraction-cold coloumn trapping combined with UV Vis Spectrophotomethry.Food Chemistry,343.DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.128481

Soytong M,Gueverra P,Mateo J et al.2021. Evaluation of tomatoes fruits flesh colour, beta carotene and lycopene content.International Journal Of Agricultural Technology,17(2).

Sulleman A, Abdelgadir H,Alshammar N et al.2022. Chemical Composition, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of Vangueria Madagascariensis J.F Gmelin (Kirkir) Fruit.Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research.56(1). DOI: 10.5530/ijper.56.1s.40

Vinci G, D ascenzo F, Maddaloni L et al.2022.The Influence of Green and Black Tea Infusion Parameters on Total Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Activity by ABTS and DPPH Assays.Beverages, 8(2).DOI: 10.3390/beverages8020018.

Wijayanti D, Ardigurnita F.2019. Potential of Parijoto (Medinilla Speciosa) Fruits and Leaves in Male Fertility. Animal Production.20(2). DOI: 10.20884/1.jap.2018.20.2.685



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Elfira Maya Sari, Afrinia Eka Sari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:




Sainstek: Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi
ISSN 2085-8019  (print) | 2580-278x  (online)
Published by Institut Agama Islam Negeri Batusangkar


View Sainstek Stats


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.