Silvianetri Silvianetri


Social media is a communication tool that is commonly used by everyone in today's technological era. Excessive use of social media will cause addiction, and have an impact on people's psychology. This article aims to reveal data on the impact of social media addiction on the psychology of society and its implications for counseling. The research uses qualitative research methods, especially phenomenology. The research instrument is the researcher himself, and for data collection using in-depth interviews and observation. The research respondents are the people of West Sumatra with male and female sexes aged 15 to 50 years. The data analysis technique is using Miles and Huberman data analysis with the following steps; data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing/verification. The results of the study found that the psychological impact of social media addiction generally affects people's cognitive and emotions. The positive impact is cognitive, namely increasing insight and thinking skills, as well as giving birth to various creative ideas. The negative impact is causing forgetfulness, panic, dead-end thoughts, lack of logical thinking. Emotionally the positive impact of using social media by the community is to create happiness, optimism, motivation, enthusiasm, enthusiasm. The negative impact is causing anxiety, despair, sadness, resentment, anger and frustration. The results of this study have implications for counseling, namely preventively developing counseling techniques that aim to reduce social media addiction. Curatively, it can develop counseling techniques that can improve brain function and reduce anxiety levels.


Social Media Addiction, Psychology, Counseling

Full Text:

PDF (English)


Ali, A., & Professor Journalism and, A. (2020). Influence of Social Media in Developing Social Anxiety: A Study of Kurukshetra University Students. Palarch’s Journal Of Archaeology Of Egypt/Egyptology., 17(12), 1585–1592.

Baltacı, Ö. (2019). The Predictive Relationships between the Social Media Addiction and Social Anxiety, Loneliness, and Happiness. International Journal of Progressive Education, 15(4), 73–82.

Bank, P. C. M. Van Der. (2015). The impact of social media : advantages or disadvantages. 4(2).

Cathon, D., & Brownson, K. (2000). Code of ethics. Hospital Materiel Management Quarterly, 22(2), 23–26.

Dobrean, A., & Pasarelu, C.-R. (2016). Impact of Social Media on Social Anxiety: A Systematic Review. New Developments in Anxiety Disorders, December.

Harris, S. J. (n.d.). “The time to relax is when you don’t have time for it.”

Hofmann, S. G., & DiBartolo, P. M. (2010). Social Anxiety Clinical, Devepmental, and Social Perspectives. In Elsevier.

Homewood. (2017). the Dangers of Social Media on Your Mental Health It ’ S No Longer Just a Cliché : We Really Are All No Matter Where. 11.

Irman, I., Saari, C. Z., Silvianetri, S., Rajab, K., & Zalnur, M. (2019). The Effect of Zikir Relaxation in Counseling to Reduce Internet Addiction. Al-Ta Lim Journal, 26(1), 1–11.

McMahon, C. (2019). The psychology of social media. The Psychology of Social Media, 1–106.

Meshi, D., Tamir, D. I., & Heekeren, H. R. (2015). The Emerging Neuroscience of Social Media. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19(12), 771–782.

Nemoto, T., Uchino, T., Aikawa, S., Matsuo, S., Mamiya, N., Shibasaki, Y., Wada, Y., Yamaguchi, T., Katagiri, N., Tsujino, N., Usami, T., & Mizuno, M. (2020). Impact of changes in social anxiety on social functioning and quality of life in outpatients with schizophrenia: A naturalistic longitudinal study. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 131, 15–21.

Nguyen, T. H., Lin, K. H., Rahman, F. F., Ou, J. P., & Wong, W. K. (2020). Study of Depression, Anxiety, and Social Media Addiction Among Undergraduate Students. Journal of Management Information and Decision Science, 23(4), 284–303.

Qutoshi, S. B. (2018). Journal of Education and Educational Developement Discussion Phenomenology: A Philosophy and Method of Inquiry. 5(1), 215–222.

Sherman, K. (2013). How social media changes our thinking and learning. Central Piedmont Community College, 8–10.

Silmi, Z. K., Rachmawati, W. R., Sugiarto, A., & Hastuti, T. P. (2020). Correlation of Intensity of Use of Social Media with The Level of Social Anxiety in Adolescents. Midwifery and Nursing Research, 2(2), 60–64.

Spector, I. P., Pecknold, J. C., & Libman, E. (2003). Selective attentional bias related to the noticeability aspect of anxiety symptoms in generalized social phobia. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 17(5), 517–531.

Tamir, M., Schwartz, S. H., Oishi, S., & Kim, M. Y. (2017). The secret to happiness: Feeling good or feeling right? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 146(10), 1448–1459.

Umanailo, M. C. B. (2019). Overview of Phenomenological Research. August.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Silvianetri Silvianetri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Alfuad: Jurnal Sosial Keagamaan

Indexed By:










href="" rel="license">Lisensi Creative Commons
Alfuad distribute under Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-NonKomersial 4.0 Internasional.