ISTIHSAN DALAM LITERATUR SYAFI’IYAH (Telaah Istihsan dalam Kitab Al-Mustaṣfa Al-Ghazali)

Wardatun Nabilah, Arifki Budia Warman, Nurul 'Aini Octavia

Abstract


This article aims to examine the reasons for the views of Imam Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali in the Kitab of Al-Mustaṣfa min 'Ilmi Ushul which classifies Istihsan into the Mauhum argument (the argument that is admired). Istihsan is one of the ijtihad methods disputed by the scholars, although in reality, all scholars use it practically. Basically, the scholars use Istihsan in lughawi (language), which is "to do something better". But in terms of the term (which usually applies), scholars differ due to differences in understanding and defining "Istihsan". The method used is a qualitative method with a library research approach, with the finding that follows the best here (احسن) is the best from the propositions that have been revealed by Allah, not the best according to the inclination of reason alone. Furthermore, the argument that emerges inexplicably cannot be known whether it is imaginary or really exists. So that argument must be real, by taking it from the argument of Sharia, so that it appears real when he justifies or blames. So then, it is better to cancel Istihsan.


Keywords


Istihsan, al-Ghazali, Syafi’iyyah, Literature

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31958/juris.v20i1.3323

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