KONSEP KELUARGA MAṢLAḤAH DALAM PERSPEKTIF QIRA’AH MUBADALAH DAN RELEVANSINYA DENGAN KETAHANAN KELUARGA DI MASA PANDEMI COVID-19

Ramdan Wagianto

Abstract


This article discusses the concept of the maṣlaḥah family in the perspective of mubadalah and its relevance to family resilience during the Covid-19 pandemic. The maṣlaḥah family is a family whose members provide each other with primary needs that include physical and mental needs, and each others give rights and obligations. This paper is a literature research, with the descriptive-qualitative as method research and qira’ah mubadalah as the approach. The results showed that the concept of maṣlaḥah family in the perspective of qira’ah mubadalah is that in principle it prioritizes the concept of mufa’alah (kesalingan), meaning that there are no superior and no inferior parties in the family. In this case the maṣlaḥah family indicators that can be displayed are at least several principles, namely the zawaj principle (prinsip saling berpasangan), the mu’adalah Principle (prinsip keadilan), the muwazanah principle (prinsip keseimbangan), the mu’awanah principle (prinsip saling menolong), the Principle of musyawarah, the Principle of taradhin min huma  (prinsip kerelaaan), and the Principle of mu’asyarah bil ma’ruf (prinsip saling berkomunikasi/bergaul dengan baik). The author can conclude that the concept of the maṣlaḥah family in the framework of mubadalah is that it has quite significant relevance if it is applied by every family, especially in the current Covid-19 pandemic.

Keywords


keluarga maslahah, qira’ah mubadalah, ketahanan keluarga, covid-19

References


Abu Ishak Asy-Syatibi. (n.d.). al-Muwafaqat fi Ushul asy-Syari‘ah (II). Kairo: Mustafa Muhammad.

Az-Zuhaily, W. (1986). Usul al-Fiqh al-Islamy. Damaskus: Dar Al-Fikr.

Efendi, F., & Khamami. (1999). Membangun Masyarakat Madani: Melalui Khutbah dan Ceramah. Jakarta: Nuansa Madani.

Ensiklopedi NU. (n.d.). Keluarga Maṣlaḥah. Http://www.nu.or.id/a,public-M,dinamic-S,detail-ids,44-id,40414-Lang,idc,nasional-t,Keluarga+Macla%ah-.phpx.

Hariyono. (2009). Ilmu Sosial dan Budaya Dasar. Semarang: Mutiara Wacana.

Kodir, F. A. (2019). Qira’ah mubadalah. Yogyakarta: Ircisod.

Lestari, S. (2014). Psikologi Keluarga: Penanaman Nilai & Penanganan Konflik dalam Keluarga. Jakarta: Prenamedia Group.

Mursalin, S. (2007). Menolak Poligami: Studi Tentang Undang-Undang Perkawinan dan Hukum Islam. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Najib, A. M., Azhar, E. S., Amilia, F., & Wahid, W. G. A. (2005). Membangun Keluarga Sakinah dan Maslahaah Panduan bagi Keluarga Islam Modern. Yogyakarta: PSW UIN Sunan Kalijaga.

Nasution, K. (2013). Hukum Perkawinan 1: Dilengkapi Perbandingan UU Negara Muslim Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: ACAdeMIA + TAZZAFA.

Nasution, K. (2018). Menghapus Kekerasan dalam Rumah Tangga dengan Kajian Normatif-Yuridis: Analisis Interdisipliner dengan Pembedaan Nash Objektif Dan Temporal. JURIS (Jurnal Ilmiah Syariah), 17(1), 35–46. https://doi.org/10.31958/juris.v17i1.1000

newsdetik. (2020). Perceraian di Pulau Jawa.

Syafe’i, Rahmat. (1999). Ilmu Ushul Fiqih. Bandung: CV. Pustaka Setia.

Mahfudh, S. (2001). MUI dan Ihtiar Mewujudkan Keluarga Maṣlaḥah di Pati. Musyawarah Daerah VI MUI Kabupaten Pati.

Shihab, Q. (2005). Tafsir al-Misbah: Pesan, Kesan dan Keserasian al-Qur’an (V). Jakarta: Lentera Hati.

UNINUS. (n.d.). Keadilan, Kesalingan, dan Keseimbangan Fondasi Utama Keluarga Maṣlaḥah.

Wals, F. (2006). Strengthening Family Resilience. New York: The Guilford Press.

Werdiningsih, W. (2020). Penerapan Konsep Mubadalah dalam Pola Pengasuhan Anak. Ijougs: Indonesian Journal of Gender Studies, Vol. 1(Nomor 1), 1–16. http://jurnal.iainponorogo.ac.id/index.php/ijougs/article/view/2062/1266

Yusdani. (2015). Menuju Fiqh Keluarga Progresif. Yogyakarta: Kaukaba Dipantara.

Yusdani, & Muntoha. (2013). Keluarga Maṣlaḥah. Yogyakarta: PSI UII dan KIAS.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31958/juris.v20i1.2889

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Ramdan Wagianto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Index By: